Lessons from Aviation: Applying Threat and Error Management Framework to cases from the Offshore Drilling Industry

Lessons from Aviation: Applying Threat and Error Management Framework to cases from the Offshore Drilling Industry

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Abstract

Among the suggested safety measures after the Macondo blowout in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010 is the application of aviation style teamwork training (CRM) for drilling personnel. To successfully adapt the CRM framework to the drill-ing context, the content of the training must be established to reflect the challenges in real life drilling situations. Like pilots, the drilling crew is exposed to complex challenges which can be classified as threats. These threats are regarded as elements outside of the crew`s control which are increasing complexity and require the crew’s attention and management if safety margins are to be attained. Three basic concepts are stressed in the Threat and Error Management framework: Anticipation, recognition and recovery. The basic idea is that the unexpected threats are best handled if they are met with vigilance. For the purpose of applying the TEM framework to drilling processes, case studies have been performed on two well control in-cidents. The TEM framework and case studies are presented in the paper.
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